Security of food is essential to maintain the healthy life of people. Food security exists when people in a community have sufficient food at all times. This will make them food secure. Security of food depends on food availability, food access, and utilization. All of these things ensure security related to food provision. Several of the issues are associated with its achievement for the nutritious and healthy life. Some factors can be handled while others cannot. Such factors can be taken as challenges to get the security of food. Some of the problems associated with food security may include:
Food will be less available when a number of consumers’ increases. Rising population may create more people to eat food items. So increasing number of consumers and the same level of food items may lead to the food insecurity. It is a problem associated with security of food. Food insufficiency causes due to over population in a society. Food production maximization can solve the problem of food insecurity due to rising population.
Water is an ingredient used to harvest of food items. Sufficient water should be available for smooth production of food items. Otherwise, food items will not be produced in enough amount to reach people at all times. Water shortage for harvesting creates a shortage of food items which impact negatively on food security. This problem occurs in few seasons of years in rural areas. This can cause temporal insecurity of food. This is a challenge which has to be accepted and overcome to ensure food security.
It is a problem associated with soil fertility. Soil erosion occurs when topsoil of cropland finishes faster as compared to the new soil formation at the top of land. This impacts negatively on soil fertility in future. It is possible to not produce food items in future at such areas after soil erosion. This reduces soil fertility inherently and can lead to continuing in future times.
The problem of soil erosion has to be faced by farmers in the world. Security of food is affected through this way. Land areas will be reduced for agricultural purpose due to soil erosion. This impacts negatively on a human who depends on food production through agricultural sector.
Due to sudden and unfavorable changes in climate situations, the agricultural sector is affected negatively. Food crops cannot be produced at right time due to unfavorable climatic conditions. Harvesters have to face this difficulty in a year. They have to utilize their production techniques for the smooth production of food items and delivery to people. Climate change is a natural factor which cannot be controlled but some precautions have to be adapted to tackle this change. It is observed that agricultural system is going to be unsynchronized with climate change with each passing day. To achieve food security farmers have to provide a solution to this problem.
So, all of these factors are associated with food security achievement. These factors can be accepted as a challenge to face and solve for health maintenance of people. Some other problems associated with security of food include a little time frame to prepare food, melting water reserves, slowing irrigation and reduction in water tables.